The ancient Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians recognized the beneficial effects of pleasantly scented baths, massages, steam inhalations, diffusers, and vaporizers. Hippocrates, the Greek known as the father of medicine, recommended aromatic fumigation for ridding Athens of the plague. Scents from essential oils were used throughout the world with some intention of a healing or therapeutic effect. By the s, the French chemist Dr.
That his hand healed completely led him to think about and experiment with the possible benefits of essential oils in general. Valnet went on in to write a Aromatherapie, Traitement des maladies par les essences des plantes Aromatherapy, treatment of illnesses by the essences of plants , and to teach other physicians about essential oils. The Italian scientists Dr. Renato Cayola and Dr. Giovanni Garri also distinguished themselves with studies on the psychological effects of essential oils in the early s, and Professor Paolo Rovesti, of the University of Milan, researched the effects and treated depressed patients with combinations of jasmine, sandalwood, orange blossom, verbena, and lemon oil.
For treatment of anxiety disorders, he used bergamot, neroli, cypress, orange leaf, lime, rose, violet leaves, and marjoram. One contemporary physician helped a young girl with cancer to manage pain by administering a conventional pain medication accompanied by a whiff of rose oil with each dose. Eventually the girl needed only the fragrance to feel relief from the pain. Throughout the history of psychology, it has been known that an odor sig- nificant in the memory of an individual can trigger an array of somatic and emotional reactions. In addition, essential oils invite one to appreciate the beauty and wonders of creation, providing us inner contentment.
They have the ability to directly affect the brain and, from there, many psychological and physiological processes. Some claim certain aromas can trigger glandular stimulation, thus producing either calming or energizing results. For example, lavender is said to lower blood pressure; relieve headache, depression, inflammation, burns and cuts, menstrual cramps, and insect bites; and fight bacteria. Other aromas, such as peppermint, eucalyptus, tea tree, rosemary, chamomile, thyme, tarragon, and everlasting, allegedly help one deal with all manner of ailments and discomfort, including fungal infections, congestion, gas and liver problems, allergies, insomnia, digestive problems, stress, bronchitis, arthritis, muscle and other types of injuries, and skin problems such as boils and pimples.
Aromatherapy may be administered via inhalation usually in steam , diffusion spraying into the air , massage direct application to skin , bath water, and hot and cold compresses. Essential oils, which may be poisonous, are never to be taken internally. Although aromatherapy is usually considered safe, precautions must be taken by those with asthma many oils can set off bronchial spasms or allergies, pregnant women sage, rosemary, and juniper oils may trigger uterine contraction , and infants and young children, who may be hypersensitive to a potent essential oil.
Also, the high con- 10 Aromatherapy Seminars centration of essential oils may cause a toxic overdose, skin or eye irritation, hypersensitivity to sunlight, headache, fatigue, or a paradoxical effect that is, an oil may cause a problem rather than help to relieve it. For aromatherapy organizations, see Appendix I.
Aromatherapy Seminars See Appendix I. Art has been considered a valuable tool for rehabilitating those with mental or emotional illness since the s, when artists who worked in psychiatric hospitals started to recognize the powerful messages in the artwork of patients. People of any age may participate in art therapy sessions, which are now integrated into the mainstream health delivery system and made available through local medical and health care centers.
Psychiatrists have long recognized the healing attributes of creating art, and the Museum of Images from the Unconscious helps scholars as well. Said the late British psychiatrist R. If as little children, we were enabled to find life so simple, so transparent that all the beautiful order of it were revealed to us, if we knew the rhythm of Wagner, the outline of Pericles, if color were all about us beautifully related, we should acquire this health and have the vision to translate our lives into the most perfect art of any age or generation. Siegel, M. He becomes interesting to other people.
He disturbs, upsets, enlightens, and opens ways for a better understanding. Where those who are not artists are trying to close the book, he opens it and shows there are still more pages possible. Art therapy programs, particularly for bereaved children, have cropped up in local medical centers as a service to the community and in connection with the treatment of patients with catastrophic illnesses.
See also YOGA. Carmel Valley, Calif. The formula for the flush consists of ascorbate vitamin C or Ester powder with bioflavonoids, one-half teaspoon taken every 20 minutes to bowel tolerance diarrhea results. Then reduce the amount taken to just below bowel tolerance until the stool is loose, but not diarrhea which, medically, is considered to be watery.
Continue for two days. Aston-Patterning A type of bodywork, movement training, and massage geared to relieving muscle tension, pain, and stress and promoting healing from injuries. Developed by the dancer Judith Aston, who recovered from injuries sustained in two automobile accidents, Aston-Patterning is an extension of the deep massage therapy known as Rolfing. Aston-Patterning practitioners may also suggest that an individual make ergonomic changes in the home and workplace in order to increase comfort and relieve unconscious stress.
Although the goals of Aston-Patterning are to reduce stress, speed recovery from injury, and improve muscle tone, lightness of movement, and resiliency of the joints, it may not be recommended for those with osteoporosis, carpal tunnel syndrome, any disorder characterized by brittle bones, a bleeding disorder, or cardiac, circulatory, or respiratory problems. Nor is it recommended for those on longterm steroid or anticoagulant therapy.
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Some otherwise healthy people may experience fatigue and pain from the intense sessions or be emotionally resistant to the training. A competent practitioner can adjust the massage and exercises according to the age and physical status of each client. The Aston Training Center may be contacted at P. Box , Inclined Village, NV , or at Some of the major astringents are metal salts, such as ferric chloride, ferrous sulfate, and zinc oxide; alum; permanganates; and tannic acid.
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In Ayurvedic medicine, astringency corresponds to one of the taste sensations; adding an astringent to a food creates a contraction that can have an effect upon hemorrhaging blood vessels or help dispel diarrhea. Sensory hallucinations may accompany an aura in paroxysmal attacks; for example, the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh was said to suffer from epilepsy or some sort of seizure disorder which could have been linked to substance addiction and other problems , and he remembered after an attack was over that 12 auricular therapy he had seen the color yellow, an image that stayed with him a long time.
In terms of alternative medicine, Therapeutic Touch, Reiki, and other practices rely on the premise that the body is surrounded by an electromagnetic field—also called an aura—that may be manipulated by hand in order to restore, direct, and balance healing energy for general well-being. Australian Bush Flower Essences Infusions made from indigenous Australian flowers and plants that are used to strengthen the immune system and fight viruses.
Originated in Berlin, Germany, in the s by the German psychiatrist and neurologist Dr. Johannes H. Schultz, autogenic training aims to help individuals deliberately control their autonomic nervous system, the part of the entire nervous system that focuses on involuntary bodily functioning—the heart, the smooth muscles, the adrenal medulla, and the salivary, gastric, and sweat glands, among other structures.
The autonomic nervous system is divided into the sympathetic, or thoracolumbar, system, connected with thoracic and lumbar portions of the spinal nerve and other nerves, and the parasympathetic system, which consists of fibers of some of the cranial nerves and the nerves connected to the sacral portion of the spine.
It is the sympathetic system that responds to stressors, and the parasympathetic system that induces relaxation. Stimulation of the parasympathetic nerves produces a reduction in blood pressure, vasodilation, pupillary contraction, thin saliva, and reduced heart rate.
The techniques of autogenic training resemble self-hypnosis and meditation. The series of mental exercises, performed three times daily for 15 minutes at a time, centers on certain words or phrases that, for the individual, will produce a relaxation response. The second group, known as intentional exercises, is Ayurveda 13 geared to helping one release physical and emotional tension with activity such as crying, shouting, on punching pillows.
complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) – Authors Airwaves
Training sessions, private or in small groups, last an hour and continue for eight to 10 weeks. Autogenic training has been tested in several clinical experiments and is said to be beneficial for ailments that include anxiety and panic disorder, hypertension, and other stress-related problems. Ayurveda, most commonly defined as the practice of ancient Hindu or Indian medicine, originates with the Vedas, the earliest Indian literature, dating from ca. In the Vedas are intricately described medical disorders and corresponding treatments, most of which are herbal but may also include simple surgical procedures.
It is said that Vedic physicians invented prostheses—artificial limbs and eyes. By ca. Ayurveda has recently become the subject of studies conducted by its researchers and practitioners and collaboratively by those involved in traditional Western medicine. Gerson is reported to be the only physician in the United States who holds degrees in both traditional Western medicine and Ayurveda. Projects with the National Cancer Institute include an evaluation of antitumor effects of Semicarpus anacardium an Ayurvedic phytomedicine, or plant extract.
Initial reports over the last three years indicate that the growth of certain malignancies is thwarted by semicarpus. Further study seeks to determine whether semicarpus or other Ayurvedic medicine has the direct ability to kill cancer cells. Asthma, immune diseases, and various diseases and conditions that affect women are the subjects of additional studies.
A randomized, controlled cross-over-type study of an herbal-yoga treatment regimen to treat asthma is under way at the Central Council for Research in Ayurveda and Siddha Medicine, and Ayurvedic herbal treatments for perimenopausal symptoms, premenstrual syndrome, and dysmenorrhea painful menstruation are being researched at the Rosenthal Center. Ayurvedic herbal protocols are also under investigation for the treatment of hypertension, genital herpes, depression, adult-onset diabetes, obesity, uterine fibroid tumors, acne, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic constipation, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
The effect of aromatherapy and meditation on brain wave patterns is being studied through the use of electroencephalography EEG. Selected reading for additional information Lad, Dr. Twin Lakes, Wisc. Rakel, David, M. New York:W. Saunders, Sodhi, V. Pizzorno and M. Bayville, N. B potent for many years. Another method for making flower tinctures is the sun method, in which harvested blooms or parts of the plant are floated on water in a glass bowl and placed in the sunshine for three hours, after which only the remaining filtered water is added to brandy. Daniel, and He also specified that after his death, no more essences were to be added to the 38 existing remedies for the purpose of keeping the system as simple as possible, so individuals would be able to diagnose their emotional problems and self-treat.
Also, one may contact the Dr. Box 32, Woodmere, NY Bach, Edward British bacteriologist, medical doctor, and homeopathic physician born in who worked at the London Homeopathic Hospital in England and who between and set forth the seven major negative human emotions that correspond with ill-being or illness and developed remedies called nosodes, or homeopathic preparations for them from specific flowers and plants.
In tune with the homeopathic concept of vibrational healing, he discovered through his patients that grief, frustration, anxiety, fear, despair, loneliness, and uncertainty contributed significantly to their physical ailments. At his home, Mount Vernon, in Oxfordshire, now known as the Bach Centre, he noticed that the habits and characteristics of flowers and plants related to human behavior.
For example, the typical beech tree grows to approximately feet tall and its branches span approximately 80 feet. To create his remedy, he boiled leaves and twigs from the beech tree in water, let them simmer and cool thereafter, and then filtered them from the water. To that water Bach added a small amount of brandy the standard mix per flower or plant substance is 50 milliliters mL , or one-and-a-half fluid ounces, of the prepared water to mL, or three fluid ounces, of brandy.
Called a tincture, this remains Bach Flower Remedies In addition to being the inspiration for several other flower remedies made in Australia, California, Europe, and elsewhere, the original remedies that are believed to employ the life force, or vibrations, of each flower to help relieve negativity of varying nature, balance energy, and thereby encourage physical and emotional healing.
The medical and homeopathic physician and author Rudolph M. The vines are covered with sharp spines. The biggest and most succulent berries always seem to be a little deeper into the tangle of brambles. You work 15 16 Bach Flower Remedies your way in edgewise so you can reach a bit further. The long branches of the blackberry plant are wrapped all about you, and each has thorns that curve back in toward the plant. No matter which way you move, some of those thorns dig in deeper. You are stuck. The essence of the blackberry flower is used as a remedy for those who are at a point in their lives where they feel stuck— unable to find a way to move.
Others believe the flower remedies and other natural medicinals may work as placebos, if they are effective at all. The 38 essences created by Bach derive from agrimony, aspen, beech, centaury, cerato, cherry plum, chestnut bud, chicory, clematis, crab apple, elm, gentian, gorse, heather, holly, honeysuckle, hornbeam, impatiens, larch, mimulus, mustard, oak, olive, pine, red chestnut, rock rose, rock water, scleranthus, star of Bethlehem, sweet chestnut, vervain, vine, walnut, water violet, white chestnut, wild oat, wild rose, and willow. Flower remedies do not interfere with any other treatment, do not work in a biochemical way, are not addictive or dangerous, and may be taken safely by people of all ages, including babies.
They may be given to animals and plants as well. Bach tested all his remedies on himself. However, people who are alcohol-intolerant or who are recovering from alcoholism should not take flower essence remedies with the alcohol in them. Used for preservation purposes, the alcohol may be removed from the remedy by putting the diluted drops of a remedy into a boiling hot drink such as tea, so the steam can make the alcohol evaporate. When cool, the drink may be sipped throughout the day. Essences—unlike herbal preparations, in that no actual part of the plant remains in the tincture— are to be taken until the patient feels relief and begins to notice the stimulus of his or her own healing mechanism.
The most frequently used remedy, it treats feelings of panic, mental numbness, shock, terror, fear of flying, response to startling noise—any emotional state of emergency or loss of control, even trauma experienced in the past that is still disturbing. In addition to the tincture, which can be added to any skin wash preparation, douche, or compress, Rescue Remedy is made into a cream that can be applied topically to cuts, bruises, stings, sunburn, and other injuries.
Also, Rescue Remedy is used for prevention of panic, such as before a stressful activity or event, and is reported to increase healing and recovery from surgery. Baily, Philip M. Garden City Park, N. Ballentine, Rudolph M. He received his M.
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For 12 years he served as president of the Himalayan Institute, and for 18 years as director of its Combined Therapy Program, in which he developed models of 18 Banerjee, P. Banerjee, P. This book was originally published in He discovered that the organs have a five- to eight-cycle-per-minute rhythm of movement relative to its position or referring to its function , and when the cycles are impaired, irritation and disease may develop. The Barral technique involves the use of light, precise mechanical force, which rebalances the organ and helps revive its normal function.
Bates Method for Improving Eyesight A relaxation system geared toward restoring the natural use of the eyes and relearning to see developed by the American ophthalmologist William H. Bates, M. Bird , which presented his theory that sight can be deliberately and naturally improved after being diminished by eyestrain, tension, and misuse of the eyes. In opposition to age-old theories that the mind and body were of a different, and therefore separate, nature, Herbert Benson, M.
The potential exists for thought processes to lead both to disease and to good health. He also pointed out that psychological factors affect the conscious perception of and sensitivity to pain and pain relief, and that symptoms of certain diseases such as asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, and colitis are clearly at risk of being aggravated by psychological stress. However, even then the risk versus benefit principle should be applied. You should not allow yourself to become convinced that you are sick or becoming sick. Is it not foolish to spend healthy years worried about disease that is not present and may never occur?
Many individuals in previous generations appeared to have faith in their own health. People should strive to adopt this attitude. If you become ill, the medical profession is there to help you. There will be enough time for you to work with your physician and to learn how to adjust to an illness if it occurs. You have a right to expect to be as well as possible for as long as possible. Both are licensed acupuncturists, and Korngold is also a doctor of osteopathic medicine. Stewart, R. Benson lives in Lexington, Massachusetts.
Bhakhi enema biofeedback A series of electrodermal responses to changes in heart rate, respirations, temperature, muscle tension, perspiration, brain waves, gastric acidity, blood pressure, and other bodily functions recorded on a machine similar to an electrocardiogram. An individual is connected to sensors that pick up signals of involuntary bodily activities. At a time of stress, these signals are recorded by the machine to inform the person how the body handled that stress. The goal of biofeedback is to help recognize these reactions and learn to alter them through relaxation techniques.
Biofeedback is useful in reducing stress as a trigger for physical disorders and disease. Patients of biofeedback are usually taught various breathing techniques as a way to overcome anxiety and other stress responses. Bikram yoga A branch of yoga characterized by performing yoga exercises and asanas in a room heated to about degrees. Energy medicine techniques include Reiki, reflexology, shiatsu, craniosacral therapy, zone therapy, homeopathy, acupuncture, polarity, Phoenix Rising yoga therapy, and breathwork. There exist devices designed to induce relaxation by emitting light usually red light or energy waves to the brain at an adjustable frequency.
This modality is also used to treat seizure activity and memory and vision problems, among other disorders. A branch of dentistry that emphasizes the importance of tooth alignment and jaw structure, cavities as a source of other illness, nontoxic restoration materials, the impact of dental toxins, and the conservation of all healthy tooth material.
Biological dentistry employs various therapies that may be categorized as bioenergetic medicine, including neural and cold laser therapy, oral acupuncture, homeopathy, mouth balancing, and nutrition. Effective in healing wounds, reducing inflammation, and fighting bacteria, cold laser therapy draws on traditional acupuncture techniques, but with the use of laser beams instead of needles.
Oral acupuncture, which involves the injection of saline solution, weak local anesthetics, or a combination of homeopathic remedies into acupoints in the mucous membrane, is used for relief of pain during dental procedures; for the treatment of neuralgia, sinusitis, allergies, and digestive disorders; and for diagnostic procedures. Mouth balancing is a modality that diagnoses cranial structural problems that may cause illness in other parts of the body, such as headaches, shoulder 20 bitter pain, back problems, blurred vision, and temporomandibular joint TMJ syndrome.
Mouth-balancing treatment includes the use of corrective orthopedic braces to be worn in the mouth. There are also blood tonics, including green drinks that are rich in chlorophyll similar in molecular composition to human hemoglobin , which is also a source of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, and other nutrients that promote optimal cell response and growth.
Green drinks are also effective as energy-boosting, anti-infective blood cleansers. A Chinese tongue map, for example, shows each region of the tongue in correlation with other organs and structures of the body. The area at the back of the tongue relates to the uro-genital organs; the midsection relates to the liver, gallbladder, and other digestive organs; just before the tip of the tongue, the lungs are represented; the tip relates to the heart. Chinese doctors also observe the color and condition of the tongue, very often keys to diagnosing a problem.
A dark coating on the tongue, for instance, indicates a toxicity in the body, and a dry, shiny tongue indicates dehydration. Face maps are popular for diagnosis in Asian medical practice. The middle portion emotion corresponds to the circulation, and the lower portion will to digestion and reproduction. Specific parts of the face—nostrils, chin, brow, lower lip, cheek, and so on—relate to specific organs that may be dysfunctional or impaired and the meridians energy channels of the body.
In turn, the physical body conditions relate to emotional and psychological constitution of an individual. Nose, pulse, and hand maps are also used by practitioners to identify disorders. One unit is equal to the width of the second joint of the thumb, and three body units is equal to the breadth of the second, third, fourth, and fifth fingers held together.
Each major body segment has a certain number of body units. For example, five body units may be measured from the navel to the pubic bone, and 12 body units make up the area from the elbow crease to the wrist crease. Boericke, William, and Dewey, W. Homeopathic physicians with M. By , there were , Thomsonian practitioners registered in America, and a decade later the Eclectic Medical Institute emerged when physicians and herbalists decided to join forces. Several schools operated in major cities throughout the country from the late 19th century and into the 20th, but patent medicines rose as competitors that crushed the finances of the Eclectics.
In Cincinnati, , the last Eclectic Medical School closed forever. Trigger points, or places on the body where painful muscle spasm occurs, may be the result of trauma or injury, repetitive motion, prenatal injury, or child or sexual abuse and may be exacerbated by the presence of disease, substance abuse, and the aging process. The method also involves performing stretches and trigger-point sessions to prevent recurrence of muscle spasm, strains, sprains, dislocations, tension headaches, migraines, temporomandibular joint TMJ syndrome, hemorrhoids, prostate muscle spasms, impotence, incontinence, arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, foot pain, leg cramps, and neck, shoulder, arm, hand, back, chest, and abdominal pain.
Bowen Method A hands-on modality designed to balance and positively affect the autonomic nervous system, developed in the s by the Australian lay healer Thomas Bowen. With the fully clothed patient lying prone on a padded table, Bowen advocated a series of moves such as pulling the skin away from a muscle or tendon, then applying gentle pressure, and eventually allowing the specific structure to spring back into its original position.
Bowen developed certain patterns for three sets of moves to treat lower back, upper back, and neck problems. Treatment sessions vary from 20 to 45 minutes. Bowen therapy is also used to provide benefit to individuals with gastrointestinal disorders, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, headaches, respiratory ailments, sports- and work-related injuries, and other conditions. Patients have reported that symptoms subsided, and that anger and depression 22 Bower, Peter were reduced, after treatments. It was developed by Michael Nixon-Livy, who wanted to systematize the Bowen Method in order to train health professionals.
Bower, Peter A medical doctor practicing in Charlottesville, Virginia, where he and his associates combine Osteopathic Manual Therapy, Pilatesbased rehabilitation, and health counseling in the medical management of neurological and musculoskeletal problems. His focus is on the diagnosis and treatment of repetitive strain and sports injuries, myofascial pain syndromes, and nerve-entrapment syndromes.
Brennan runs a school of healing in New York. Broths of onion, miso, garlic, scallion, apple, carrot, potato, and other ingredients, are geared toward balancing body pH and are alkalizing agents. Hot tonics are not broths or teas, but hot drinks made from vegetables, fruits, and spices that have energizing properties.
Tonics are meant to revitalize, clear nasal and sinus passages, provide nutrition, create body heat to ward off aches and chills, and fight a hangover. A cold and flu tonic, for example, may be made by combining garlic, cumin powder, black pepper, hot mustard powder, water, turmeric, sesame salt, fresh cilantro, and cooked split peas. Buegel and Chernin are medical doctors. C calmative cathartic carminative caustic A substance capable of corroding or burning bodily tissue.
A substance used as a tranquilizer or sedative in homeopathic and Ayurvedic medicine. A substance that relieves griping severe bowel pains and intestinal gas. A substance used as a laxative. Cayce was a photographer, gardener, Sunday School teacher, and father of two. To date he is the subject of approximately 12 biographies and is discussed in more than other books for his ability to enter a sleeplike state, during which he gave information to individuals throughout the world who had lifethreatening illnesses, questions, or problems. Frequently he made a lifesaving diagnosis in cases that stumped the medical community.
The A. At 21, however, he entered St. Once ordained in , Father Solanus worked at Sacred Heart Parish in Yonkers, New York, mainly as doorkeeper and sacristan because he was not highly regarded for his scholarship. But the sick and troubled of the parish began to notice his gift for healing and made a point to ask for his prayers for themselves and their loved ones.
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Appointed to the Capuchin Friary of St. Bonaventure in Detroit, Michigan, in , he became well known and was the inspiration of the Detroit Capuchins to establish their soup kitchen, still in operation today. He continued his ministry to the sick and the poor even after he was sent for retirement to the Friary of St.
Felix in Huntington, Indiana, in When he himself became ill, he returned to Detroit, where he died July 31, Bonaventure Monastery. He reportedly had a photographic memory that enabled him to absorb, through osmosis, the content of school books while sleeping on them. At age 21, he developed a throat malady that paralyzed his vocal cords and made him lose his voice.
While under hypnosis, Cayce reportedly diagnosed his ailment and prescribed a treatment in precise, medical terms, later verified by medical investigators. After following the course of treatment, his voice returned. His remedies were holistic, often involving diet and massage.
In a homeopathic remedy, one part salt must be ground with nine parts lactose, or milk sugar, to make Natrum mur 1x x equals This may be used to treat the symptoms of hay fever, for example. A cell-salt remedy made from calcium fluoride, which is found in fibers throughout the body, is used to treat hemorrhoids, varicose veins, hernias, and other problems. According to homeopaths, the more times cell salts are ground, or triturated, the greater their potency.
The cell-salt system, also known as tissue salts, and remedies were first developed by the German physician W. Schuessler, M. Schuessler believed that as natural medicine, cell salts are not only harmless because they are not substances foreign to the body, but beneficial in the treatment of a range of both acute and chronic problems.
He utilized calcium, sodium, iron, magnesium, and potassium salts to develop a salt system long before the discovery of trace minerals such as zinc and selenium. Schuessler also believed that cell-salt remedies catalyze natural biochemical reactions in the body and reorganize or balance them so any malfunctioning tissues can function normally. A homeopath must correctly identify which bodily tissues require specific treatment before prescribing a cell-salt remedy. Each type of salt acts a certain way. For instance, sulfur serves to help the body express, or throw off, an unwanted substance, and sodium attracts water.
In combination, they may be used as a remedy for edema, the abnormal retention of water in the ankles, legs, hands, and other parts of the body. Among other ailments that may be treated homeopathically by cell salts are fever, hemorrhage, infections, mucus congestion, inflammation, sinusitis, colds, coughs, bronchitis, backache, colic, irritable bowels, bloating, gynecological problems, muscle spasms and cramps, teething pain, nodules, hernia, anxiety, depression, and insomnia.
A still-controversial treatment developed during the s by the Swiss physician Paul Niehans, who specialized in gland and organ transplantation, the original cell therapy has been banned in the United States since because of its potential for allergic reactions, infections, and ineffectiveness.
The broadest definition of cell therapy includes the use of human blood transfusions and bone marrow transplants as well as injections of cellular materials. Several schools of thought exist as to the ideal practice of cell therapy. The various methods include the use of live cells, freeze-dried cells, cells from specific organs, homeopathic formulations, and embryonic preparations.
All these techniques have been used successfully, with different methods targeting different conditions. This yields a remedy of 1c potency, which is further diluted by another 99 drops of water or alcohol to create 2c potency. Usually, the highest dose of a homeopathic remedy equals c. Homeopathic practitioners say a remedy becomes more potent the more it is diluted. The first chakra, or root chakra, is centered on the anus, the base of the spine, the descending colon, and the hamstrings; it represents basic survival instincts, security, groundedness, and fears, including annihilation, abandonment, and other types of primal upheaval.
The second chakra, the genital or sexual chakra, consists of the gonads, the urogenital structures, prostate, pelvis, and quadriceps, and represents gender, issues of commitment, sexuality, sensuality, and procreation. The solar plexus, or third chakra, incorporates the abdomen, the entire region around the navel, stomach, duodenum, ileum, pancreas, liver, and adrenal glands; it contains the largest portion of nerve tissue after that of the cranium and spinal cord. Emotionally, the solar plexus represents overall physical vitality and mastery. The fourth, or heart, chakra, is the area just above the diaphragm in the area of the heart.
Just above the heart chakra is the throat including the larynx, pharynx, and thyroid gland , or fifth, chakra, which symbolizes communication, self-expression, and creativity. Each chakra is also associated with an element such as air, water, ether, fire, or earth and with certain colors.
In the practice of Ayurveda, yoga, homeopathy, Reiki, and other disciplines, manipulating the energies of the chakras plays an important role in the healing process. The three- to four-hour procedure involves an intravenous IV injection of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid EDTA into the hand or a finger. As a treatment for occluded arteries, chelation may be necessary 20 to 50 times, to as many as infusions of EDTA; as a preventive measure, the typical number of infusions is 10, administered one to three times a week.
The IV solution may also contain supplements such as vitamins and minerals, as well as gingko biloba and phosphatidylserine, both of which act as chelators one may take orally as well. So far, although it is considered safer than aspirin, EDTA has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration only for lead and other heavy metal poisoning and the treatment of hypercalcemia an excessive amount of calcium in the blood.
Chelation therapy remains controversial as an alternative treatment of other disorders, although some physicians prescribe it for individuals with cardiovascular problems and claim that it does in fact improve circulation and relieve the symptoms of arteriosclerosis that can lead to more serious problems. A substance originally familiar to plumbers for removing calcium deposits from pipes, EDTA was first used therapeutically by the United States Navy to treat lead poisoning in Somewhat less effective than intravenous administration, oral chelation involves combining EDTA with other chelators, including garlic, vitamin C, carrageenan, rutin, bromelain, and certain enzymes.
The enzyme cysteine, for example, may be prescribed for nickel poisoning and presence of excessive free radicals. Also, the action of the drug penicillamine, used as a conventional treatment of several ailments, including metal poisoning and rheumatoid arthritis, is similar to that of EDTA. A study was conducted in in Switzerland to determine the effectiveness of EDTA chelation therapy as a preventive measure against cancer. The adults in the study lived near a heavytraffic highway that may have been exposing them to lead from vehicle exhaust, to which exposure was attributed high rates of cancer mortality and chiropractic 27 symptoms including headaches, drug and alcohol abuse, digestive problems, depression, fatigue, and anxiety.
Chinese herbalism A segment of ancient Chinese medicine that focuses on plants and natural substances as sources of relief for medical and psychological problems. Because the whole plant contains the active ingredients, and because various herbs and other substances may be blended, side effects are minimized or eliminated and results are often enhanced.
Since the mythic sage Shen Nung experimented with and codified medicinal herbs years ago, herbalism has become a highly sophisticated, intricate, and systematized practice that involves more than substances prescribed by practitioners. Herbs are categorized according to their nature warm, cool, or neutral , taste sour, bitter, sweet, salty, spicy, or bland , configuration shape, texture, moisture , color, and properties, that is, their ability to relieve a particular ailment.
An herbal substance may tonify, or strengthen; consolidate, or condense, astringe, or help concentrate energy, and so on; disperse, or help circulate; or purge, or eliminate, depending upon the diagnosis. Another herb, scutellaria, which purges heat from the lungs and liver, is used for the treatment of jaundice and infections. Chinese herbalism, which now has entered mainstream American alternative and complementary medicine, is often used in conjunction with conventional Western drugs and treatments.
A person with an ulcer who takes traditional antacids may be further relieved by Chinese herbs that fight heat and dampness in the stomach, help the liver to relax, and decongest impaired flow of qi. In general, Chinese herbalism recognizes remedies for illness but interprets illness as an imbalance of body constituents that may show up as patterns consisting of both physical and emotional symptoms.
Common Chinese herbs are astragulus, lotus seed, nutmeg, walnut, ginger, cinnamon, radish seed, angelica root, schizandra, poria cocos, licorice, peony, chrysanthemum, ligusticum, honeysuckle, mulberry, raspberry, mustard seed, dianthus, plantain, motherwort, turmeric, myrrh resin, hawthorn, red and black dates, ephedra root, artemisia leaf, agrimony, magnolia, corn silk, corydalis root, peach seed, salvia root, fennel seed, coptis root, dandelion, sargassum, millettia stem, cordyceps, peppermint leaf, sileris root, gardenia, clove, cardamom seed, and unicaria stem. Chinese herbal substances also have Chinese and botanical names.
Modern chiropractic took root in the theory expressed in by Daniel David Palmer, of Davenport, Iowa, who advocated the teachings of Hippocrates and believed that all illnesses had their sources in the spine and the nervous system. Palmer suggested that innate intelligence flowed throughout the nervous system—which corresponds and communicates with every other part of the body—and could be blocked by a subluxation.
When the subluxation is relieved, the body has the opportunity to heal itself. The Canadian-born Dr. Apparently the man had a subluxated vertebra that corresponded to an injury he had suffered to his upper spine just before he lost his hearing. Palmer adjusted that specific area, thereby correcting the blockage in the nerves that caused the deafness.
The stiffness progressed rapidly to his hips and all joints. But the pain progressed until the child cried, was unable to dress himself, and was stooped over as if he was an elderly man. Further hospital test findings proved negative. After the first adjustment, Duncan felt sick. By the next day, his hands were pain-free. After each adjustment, Duncan made considerable progress until he was totally back to normal. A commonsense and holistic approach with an emphasis on prevention and wellness, chiropractic is considered the secondlargest primary-health-care field in the world.
Chiropractic adjustments are given during office visits and are considered safe, painless, and noninvasive. Patients may be lying supine or prone or sitting up, depending upon which type of adjustment is appropriate. The second level is the restorative phase, which involves maintenance of the realigned spinal column through individualized, repeated adjustments.
The wellness phase, or third level of chiropractic care, entails periodic visits to prevent occurrence of new subluxations. More information is available by contacting the American Chiropractic Association, colonic irrigation 29 Clarendon Boulevard, Arlington, VA , or , or www. Coles has also worked with parents, undergraduates, teachers, community leaders, and medical students and as a volunteer at schools, hospital wards, and clinics. In certain alternative and complementary medicine practices, colonics are used to detoxify the intestinal tract and treat a wide variety of disorders, including hypertension, heart disease, arthritis, depression, and infections.
The method evolved from the days before antibiotics had been developed to fight infection, when emptying the bowels was considered therapeutic for a number of ailments. In ancient Greece and Egypt, as well as in Ayurvedic medicine originating in India, colonics were regarded as rejuvenating. Kellogg later founded the Kellogg cereal company in Battle Creek. The basic concept of colonic irrigation as therapy is to exacerbate the natural process of eliminating toxins and digestive waste materials from the colon and rectum.
Colonic enthusiasts believe a buildup of waste materials impedes normal elimination and therefore impedes the immune system and bloodstream. Irrigation may, however, damage the colon by perforating it or injecting amounts of fluid great enough to stretch the bowel out of normal proportion and thus impair its ability to function. In addition, colonics may deplete the body of enzymes and normal colonic flora that keep the intestines functioning normally, particularly in their ability to fight microbial invasion.
Contaminated irrigation equipment may also cause potentially life-threatening infections such as amebic dysentery. Also, undiagnosed intestinal disorders that require conventional treatment may be aggravated by irrigation procedures. Box , San Antonio, TX , or See also Appendix I.
Therapy evolved into the use of colored light red and infrared for lesions caused by smallpox and German measles. For example, he believes reds, oranges, and yellows strengthen or stimulate acupoints, and greens, blues, and violets subdue them. In the practice of feng shui, or the Chinese art of placement, color plays a major role in the way an environment and the people in it are affected by colors. There are various techniques involving the use of color as therapy for both physical and emotional problems.
Because color emanates from daylight, a combination of the eight colors of the spectrum red, orange, yellow, green, blue, violet, turquoise, and magenta and the radiation inherent in sunlight, many color therapists believe that certain colors correspond with mental, emotional, and physical problems, such as insomnia, depression, behavioral problems, pain, anxiety, asthma, and stress-related ailments. A therapist may administer light treatments, during which a patient is given a white robe to wear under a light machine with stained-glass filters for about 20 minutes.
Red, for example, is reported to lower resistance to pain, raise blood pressure, and affect embryonic cell structure during pregnancy. When blue light, on the other hand, was focused on the hands of 60 middle-aged women at the San Diego State University School of Nursing in , the women experienced a certain amount of pain relief from their rheumatoid arthritis. Other studies, such as one concerning sufferers of migraines, have also been conducted using colored light. Complementary forms of treatment may also be categorized as alternative or integrative medicine. Compresses may also be used in the form of dry, soft folded cloth that is applied firmly over a wound to promote healing through slight pressure and closure.
The American osteopathic physician John E. Upledger developed CranioSacral Therapy CST after conducting a team of researchers—physiologists, biophysicists, bioengineers, anatomists, and others—at the Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine in the s. Upledger decided that his main approach would involve manipulation of the meninges of the craniosacral system. Craniosacral therapy is considered a type of energy medicine that targets the memory of past traumas the body subconsciously harbors.
William Garner Sutherland, an early 20th-century osteopathic physician. There is still controversy concerning the ability of the cranial bones, which conventional medicine claims are fused together, to move at all, and also concerning the existence of a craniosacral rhythmic impulse. Another type of craniosacral therapy, called the reflex approach, combines the techniques of applied kinesiology with the stimulation of nerve endings located within the cranial sutures and in the scalp.
A combination of all three approaches is the Sacro-Occipital Technique S. Major B. Because craniosacral treatments consist of light palpations, as opposed to chiropractic adjustments or more vigorous forms of bodywork, critics claim it cannot be effective. However effective or harmless the therapy may be, it may not be recommended for young children or anyone with a dysfunction that affects intracranial pressure, such as a brain tumor or an aneurysm.
Some claim they have been relieved of symptoms of wounds, back pain, and arthritis. There are at least crystal and gemstone substances that have been identified as having specific properties and characteristics. For example, amethyst may be worn or held during meditation by a person who wishes to develop psychic ability or become more spiritual. To relieve stress caused by being unable to speak up about a problem, one may hold a piece of turquoise or aquamarine against his or her throat and concentrate on relaxing and freeing the mind of resentment. Several crystals and stones have been associated with certain glands in the body.
Clear quartz, for instance, may be placed on the forehead, chest, and solar plexus; in the palm of each hand; and on the pubic bone during breathing exercises or meditation to help clear energy blockages from the corresponding organs. Clear tourmaline has been used for benefit to the immune system, for general detoxification, and for eye and nervous system disorders. Silver is said to balance hormone levels, reduce lung and throat irritation, and help resolve sexual dysfunction. Wearing peridot is said to benefit the stomach and digestive tract.
As folklore, crystal and gemstone therapy functions daily as part of the customs of our culture; for example, an engagement ring harks back to the days when the ancients believed that wearing or carrying talismans put one in tune with universal forces. Healers through the ages have used substances from the Earth to connect with healing power in conjunction with other relaxation and visualization techniques. Foulsham and Co. Curanderos, males or curanderas, females, may be consulted for medical, emotional, social, supernatural, and spiritual problems.
Curanderismo has evolved throughout history—a practice particularly popular among Hispanics and Mexicans in the Southwest—derived from the ages during which medicine, the church, and belief in the supernatural were virtually interchangeable. Sir Manners continues to work in the field of cymatics and biomagnetics for medical diagnosis and treatment. Practitioners of cymatics use machines that operate on frequencies that reflect a normal state to stimulate cells whose frequency reflects an abnormality or distress.
Through electroids attached to the body, similar to electrocardiogram leads, the practitioner then directs the sound frequencies to the distressed area of the body. To treat a painful muscle, for example, the frequency is supposed to correct the impaired frequency causing the pain. Treatments are painless and seem to lack any adverse effects.
D at the Judson Health Clinic. Branch Clinic in Hollywood. Davis was married to Frank Sieglinger and was the mother of two children. Dance therapists work with people whose problems are connected with their particular way of moving, who can improve their emotional state and resolve issues assertiveness, self-image, self-identity, trust, etc.
See also QI. When a decoction, essentially a liquid medicinal preparation, does not require a precise strength, it may be made by boiling five parts of the herb or vegetable or crumbled pieces of a drug with parts water for 15 minutes. In traditional Western medicine, there are no specific decoctions. During the s and s until her death in , Davis was one of the pioneers of nutrition as a way to treat illness and dysfunction in the body and promote wellness. Demulcents are used in homeopathy. In studies in the s on the true nature of handson healing practices, that is, studies to determine whether results occurred because of psychological factors such as belief or faith or because of an actual transfer of physical energy from the healer to an individual, Dr.
Grad engaged a local healer to treat barley plants watered and grown in the normal fashion and barley plants he had deliberately watered with saline solution to inhibit their growth. The healer was not told which plants had been watered with saline solution; the healer-treated plants were reported to be taller and more robust and to have higher levels of chlorophyll than the control group of normal plants. Detoxificants or detoxifiers include many varieties of herbs as well as vitamin C and other nutrients.
Although the three distinct doshas provide the basis for body types, combinations of doshas are recognized as more the rule than the exception and demonstrate characteristics in common. Ayurvedic practitioners believe that when the doshas are out of balance, illness may occur. Dossey, Larry American medical doctor who has studied the power of prayer as it relates to the practice of medicine.
Dossey documents evidence gathered by control-group experimentation on the therapeutic effects of prayer, including prayers of people at great distances from the persons being prayed for and for those with catastrophic illnesses. Any substance or agent that aids the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and the process of digestion. Medicinal or nutritive herbs may be added to the Dunbar, Helen Flanders 35 fluid wash for an enhanced effect, particularly to subdue irritation or relieve pain.
Ordinary saline solution is an effective nasal douche for congestion caused by allergies or colds. Also known as medical radiesthesia, medical dowsing corresponds to a certain psychic ability of the dowser, who reportedly receives intensified energy in the form of involuntary muscle tremors or movement in his or her hands as the dowsing device is held.
Drama therapists guide groups in the creation of drama as a way to address factors including awareness and sensitivity, behavior, imagination, team effort, and general understanding of interpersonal interaction. People with a wide range of physical and emotional problems may benefit from drama therapy.
Some therapists and alternative medicine practitioners recommend keeping a dream diary dreams can occur during waking or sleeping hours to determine patterns of symbols or ideas. Some spiritual philosophers and advocates of various types of vibrational medicine maintain that the dream state provides the opportunity for an aspect of our spirit to leave our physical body and have direct experience with another dimension of existence, which may be referred to as an astral plane.
This may offer insights into the true nature of health and illness and add to the entire body of information on mind-body medicine and healing. Dunbar, Helen Flanders American psychiatrist d. Learn how to take charge of your health and find your path to the best health possible. Trying to figure out where you are with your health problems, where you need to go and the best way to get there? You need a map to find your way around the amazing world of complementary or alternative therapies! Which therapies are right for you and your health problems?
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